Tuberculosis (TB) Rapid Test, Detection of anti-TB antibodies (Isotypes IgG, IgM and IgA)
The Tuberculosis Rapid Test Cassette (Whole Blood/Serum/Plasma) is a rapid chromatographic immunoassay for the qualitative detection of anti-TB antibodies (Isotypes IgG, IgM and IgA) in whole blood, serum or plasma specimens.
Tuberculosis (TB) is spread primarily via airborne transmission of aerosolized droplets developed by coughing, sneezing and talking. Areas of poor ventilation pose the greatest risk of exposure to infection. TB is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, resulting in the greatest number of deaths due to a single infectious agent.
The World Health Organization reports that more than 8 million new cases of active tuberculosis are diagnosed annually. Almost 3 million deaths are attributed to TB as well. 1,2 Timely diagnosis is crucial to TB control, as it provides early initiation of therapy and limits further spread of infection.
Several diagnostic methods for detecting TB have been used over the years including skin test, sputum smear, and sputum culture and chest x-ray. But all these methods have some limitations. Newer tests, such as PCR-DNA amplification or interferon-gamma assay, have been recently introduced. However, the turn-around time for these tests is long, they require laboratory equipment and skilled personnel, and some are neither cost effective nor easy to use. 3 These tests are also expensive and not practical for developing countries.
Serological methods constitute an attractive alternative, since TB serodiagnosis is simple, inexpensive, relatively non-invasive, and it does not depend on detection of mycobacteria. The Tuberculosis Rapid Test Cassette (Whole Blood/Serum/Plasma is a rapid test for qualitative detection of anti-TB antibodies (Isotypes IgG, IgM and IgA) in whole blood, serum or plasma specimens. The test utilizes a combination of recombinant antigens to detect elevated levels of anti-TB antibodies in whole blood, serum or plasma specimens.
How to use?
INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS
(Please refer to the illustration above)
POSITIVE:* Two distinct colored lines appear. One line should be in the control region (C) and another line should be in the test region (T).
*NOTE: The intensity of the color in the test line region (T) will vary depending on the concentration of anti-TB antibodies present in the specimen. Therefore, any shade of color in the test region (T) should be considered positive.
NEGATIVE: One colored line appears in the control region (C). No apparent colored line appears in the test region (T).
INVALID: Control line fails to appear. Insufficient specimen volume or incorrect procedural techniques are the most likely reasons for control line failure. Review the procedure and repeat the test with a new test Cassette. If the problem persists, discontinue using the test kit immediately and contact your local distributor.
|Tuberculosis (TB) Rapid Test Dipstick
|Tuberculosis (TB) Rapid Test Cassette