The global incidence of cancer among young people, including in the United States, is on the rise, which has left doctors perplexed. According to federal data, the diagnosis rates in the U.S. increased by 12.8% from 95.6 cases per 100,000 people under the age of 50 in 2000 to 107.8 cases in 2019.
Colorectal cancer is the most fatal cancer among men under the age of 50 and the second most fatal cancer among women in the same age group, following breast cancer. Currently, there is no specific research explaining why cancer, particularly colorectal cancer, is becoming more prevalent among younger adults. However, there are preventive measures that can be taken.
One important step is to undergo regular screenings for colorectal cancer. These tests can identify colon or rectal cancer at an earlier stage when treatments are more likely to succeed. The American Cancer Society recommends screenings to begin at the age of 45 for individuals at average risk. It is advisable to consult with a healthcare provider to determine when you should commence screening and which tests are suitable for you.
Maintaining a healthy weight and reducing the consumption of red meat may help lower the risk of colorectal cancer. Additionally, incorporating a diet rich in vegetables, fruits, and whole grains while reducing smoking and alcohol consumption is beneficial.
Signs that may indicate a problem include rectal bleeding, abdominal pain, unexplained weight loss, and changes in bowel habits. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is recommended to consult with a healthcare professional for early screening.