Throughout life, we are exposed to various viruses and bacteria, and it is important to be aware of potential risks, especially during pregnancy. Some infections can have serious consequences for both the mother and the baby. Here are some key points to consider:
Chickenpox: If you suspect you have chickenpox during pregnancy, it is crucial to seek early medical advice as it can be dangerous for both you and your baby.
CMV in pregnancy: CMV is a common virus that can cause complications during pregnancy, including hearing loss, visual impairment, learning difficulties, and epilepsy in unborn babies. It is also prevalent among young children.
Infections transmitted by animals: Toxoplasmosis, a parasite found in cat feces, can harm the baby. Lambs and sheep carry an organism that can cause miscarriage in ewes and also transmit toxoplasmosis.
Genital herpes: Genital herpes infection can pose a risk to the newborn baby.
HIV: HIV can be transmitted to the baby during pregnancy, childbirth, breastfeeding, or chestfeeding.
Rubella (German measles): Rubella infection during the first four months of pregnancy can result in birth defects and miscarriage.
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs): Many STIs may not have noticeable symptoms, yet they can still affect the baby's health during pregnancy and after birth.
Zika virus: If contracted during pregnancy, the Zika virus can lead to birth defects, particularly microcephaly, which causes an abnormally small head in the baby.
It is essential to stay informed about these potential risks, seek medical advice, and take necessary precautions to protect both the mother and the baby's health during pregnancy.